Hebrew & Greek Word Glossary

Whether you’re just discovering the Hebrew roots of your faith or you’ve been diving deep for a long time, sometimes Michael Rood may use a Hebrew or Greek term you’ve never heard before. Here are some of the most common terms used in A Rood Awakening! International teachings:

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There are currently 11 names in this directory
Aviv
First month of the Ancient Biblical Hebrew Calender, instituted in Exodus 12. Aviv marks the beginning of the barley harvest. The word aviv also refers to a particular growth stage of barley, at which point it is not yet golden but just ripe enough to be suitable for the “first fruits” offering following Passover (first fruits is the day of Yeshua’s resurrection as the “first fruits” of the dead).

Mashiach
This is where we get the word messiah, which is almost a direct transliteration. Instead of “Jesus Christ”, in Hebraic circles He is often referred to as “Yeshua haMashiach”. The preposition “ha” is equivalent to the English word “the.” In Hebrew, this term is most often butted next to the word to which it refers (i.e. haMashiach).

Mikveh
Lit. gathering. A ritual bath used for spiritual purification.

Pesach
Passover, the Spring Feast of the LORD commemorating the Exodus from Egypt.

Shabbat
Lit. end, cease, rest. The Sabbath, a day of rest and spiritual enrichment. From Friday evening to Saturday evening.

Shofar
A ram's horn, blown like a trumpet as a call to repentance.

Sukkah
Lit. booth. The temporary dwellings we live in during Sukkot, the week-long Fall Feast of the LORD. It was on the first day of Sukkot that Yeshua was born in a sukkah or “manger”, incorrectly translated as a feeding trough.

Takanot
Lit. enactmentsManmade laws of the ancient Pharisees and modern rabbis that change or negate the written commandments in the Torah. Yeshua was continually scolding the Pharisees for creating such superficial, manmade traditions that confused and entrapped the people into a life of ineffectiveness.

Torah
Lit. instruction. In its narrowest sense, Torah the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, sometimes called the Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses. In its broadest sense, Torah also includes the other writings and the prophetic books of the “Old” Testament.

YeHoVaH
The literal pronunciation of the name of God in Hebrew, thought to be lost to antiquity. However, recent forensics of ancient manuscripts have revealed more than 700 manuscripts with the rare vowel markings necessary to properly pronounce the Name. Appears over 6,800 times in the Hebrew Bible.

Yeshua
The proper pronunciation of Jesus’ real, Hebrew name. The name of the Messiah as given to Mary by the angel Gabriel. It is derived from the name Yehoshua (Joshua), which means Yehovah saves.


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Is there a Hebrew term you’ve heard but don’t understand? Click the “Submit a Name” link above.

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